Litigation and Enforcement


We offer dispute resolution services in Spain to international clients and are ready to provide full support for court procedures, arbitration and mediation (ADR). Our team can protect your interests in civil, criminal, corporate & commercial, labour and administrative law cases. We can also assist you with enforcement of judgements and arbitral awards in Spain.

Court litigation remains the main method of dispute resolution although arbitration is growing steadily, even for domestic cases. Are you thinking about the convenience of starting a dispute resolution in Spain? Let us advise you on the most convenient strategy for dispute resolution.

Civil and commercial claims are generally brought to First Instance Courts (Juzgados de Primera Instancia). However, since a reform in 2003, certain disputes regarding bankruptcy, maritime issues, competition, corporations, IP, transport, assistance to arbitration proceedings and general contractual conditions may be brought to specialized Commercial Courts (Juzgados de lo Mercantil).

First Instance and Commercial Courts have similar structures: they are served by a single judge and a secretariat.

Regarding appeals, all matters are challenged before the Provincial Court of Appeals (Audiencia Provincial), where three magistrates manage the appeals.

Some cases can be brought in exceptional circumstances to the Spanish Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo).

Litigation is the pursuit of practical ends, not a game of chess.Felix Frankfurter, US Supreme Court Justice (1882-1965)